/mawonns/, n.
a city in Belgium. 61,732.

* * *

      municipality, Walloon Region, southwestern Belgium, set on a knoll between the Trouille and Haine rivers, at the junction of the Nimy-Blaton Canal and the Canal du Centre. The Nimy-Blaton Canal replaces that of Mono Condé, built by Napoleon, which has been filled and now serves as a vehicle route to France. Peopled since prehistoric times, Mons originated as a Roman camp (Castrilocus) in the 3rd century; it grew around an abbey founded (c. 650) by St. Waudru, or Waltrudis, daughter of the Count of Hainaut. During the 9th century, turreted ramparts encircled the small town. Recognized by Charlemagne as the capital of Hainaut (804), it prospered as a cloth-weaving centre between the 14th and the 16th century. Mons, a stronghold and frontier town, was well fortified. The most extensive defenses were built by the distinguished French military engineer Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban (Vauban, Sébastien Le Prestre de). It was repeatedly attacked and occupied by Dutch, Spanish, French, and English forces in the 16th–18th-century wars and was ruled by the French, Spanish, Dutch, and Austrians prior to 1830. The city was the site of the first battle between the British and the Germans in 1914, ending in the British “Retreat from Mons.” The city endured German aerial bombardment during 1940.

      Mons is a city of schools. Among them are the University of Mons-Hainaut, the Polytechnic Faculty, the Academy of Beaux Arts, the Higher Institute of Architecture, and the Royal Conservatory of Music. Though not itself an industrial city, Mons has, through two successive mergers, extended its sphere to include several industrial zones. To the southwest is Jemappes, where metallurgical industry is dominant, and there are railway works at Cuesmes. In the northwest, at Ghlin, there are diversified industries, including chemical, glass, and tire works, and breweries. At Obourg and Harmignies in the east, cement is made. Innovations in new ceramic materials have boosted the local economy and attracted attention to the city and the University of Mons-Hainaut. The forces of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's European command—Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE)—have been nearby on the Casteau Plateau since 1967.

      Notable landmarks include the collegiate Church of St. Waudru (1450–1621) with fine stained glass and reliquaries, the town hall (1459–67), the only Baroque-style belfry in Belgium with its 47-bell carillon, and several museums. Pop. (2007 est.) mun., 91,196.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mons — Mons …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • mons — (mons ) s. m. Abréviation du mot monsieur, qui est familière ou méprisante. •   Le fils de Sommery n avait pas honte de dire devant des gens qui avaient au moins le sens commun : le pauvre mons Turenne me disait...., SAINT SIMON 71, 171. •   Nous …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • MONS — Principale ville (93 000 hab., estimation de 1993) du district industriel du Borinage et chef lieu de la province de Hainaut, en Belgique. Mons est un important centre administratif et juridique. L’étymologie trahit le caractère montueux du site …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • MONS — a Statio bis diserte in Dacis nominatus: non quia montana Dacia: sed ἑνικῶς et unum Montem duntaxat appellitando Poeta adspicit, ad ridendam et miri stuporis superstitionem Dacorum: quibus Sacerdos in monte quopiam Deus habebatur et mons ipse… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • mons — from L. mons (pl. montes) mountain (see MOUNT (Cf. mount) (n.)); used in English in various anatomical senses, especially mons Veneris mountains of Love, fleshy eminence atop the vaginal opening, 1690s; often mons for short …   Etymology dictionary

  • Mons — es un ciudad de la provincia Belga de Hainaut de la cual es capital. Situada cerca de la frontera con Francia es el centro del distrito de Borinage, el antiguo centro minero del país. La ciudad fue escenario de un asedio por parte de las tropas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • mons — [mänz] n. pl. montes [män′tēz΄] [ModL < L, hill, MOUNT1] 1. MONS PUBIS 2. MONS VENERIS …   English World dictionary

  • Mons [3] — Mons 1) Fräulein von M., seit 1699 Maitresse Peters des Großen, wurde 1706 vom Fürsten Mentschikow gestürzt, um der nachmaligen Kaiserin Katharina Raum zu machen, u. nach Sibirien geschickt, indeß 1720 auf Bitten des Kammerherrn v. Mons, ihres… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mons [2] — Mons (spr. mongs, fläm. Bergen), Hauptstadt der belg. Provinz Hennegau, an der Trouille und Knotenpunkt der Staatsbahnlinien Brüssel Quiévrain, Denderleeuw M., Manage M., Charleroy M., der Eisenbahn M. Hautmont (Paris) und der Nebenbahnen M.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mons — das; <nach der Stadt Mons in Belgien> unterste Stufe des ↑Paläozäns (Geol.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Mons — Mons1 [mōns′] city in SW Belgium: pop. 92,000 Mons2 abbrev. Monsieur …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”