misch metal

misch metal
/mish/
a pyrophoric alloy, containing approximately 50 percent cerium and 45 percent lanthanum, made from a mixture of various rare-earth chlorides by electrolysis.
[1920-25; < G Mischmetall, equiv. to misch(en) to MIX + Metall METAL]

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      alloy consisting of about 50 percent cerium, 25 percent lanthanum, 15 percent neodymium, and 10 percent other rare-earth metals and iron. Misch metal has been produced on a relatively large scale since the early 1900s as the primary commercial form of mixed rare-earth metals. Misch metal alloyed with iron is the flint (spark-producing agent) in cigarette lighters and similar devices. Misch metal is also used as a deoxidizer in various alloys and to remove oxygen in vacuum tubes. As an alloying agent in magnesium, it contributes to high strength and creep resistance.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • misch metal — [mish] n. an alloy consisting of various rare earth elements, esp. cerium and lanthanum, used in lighter flints, vacuum tubes, etc …   English World dictionary

  • misch metal — mišmetalas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis 45–60% Ce, 5–30% La, 10–20% Nd, 4–6% Pr ir kt. retųjų metalų lydinys. atitikmenys: angl. misch metal rus. мишметалл …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • misch metal — noun Etymology: German Mischmetall, from mischen to mix + Metall metal Date: 1915 a complex alloy of rare earth metals used especially in tracer bullets and as a flint in lighters …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • misch metal — [mɪʃ] noun an alloy of cerium, lanthanum, and other rare earth metals, used as an additive in various alloys. Origin 1920s: from Ger. Mischmetall, from mischen to mix + Metall metal …   English new terms dictionary

  • misch metal — n. an alloy of lanthanide metals, usu. added to iron to improve its malleability. Etymology: G mischen mix + Metall metal …   Useful english dictionary

  • misch — «mihsh», noun. a mixture of rare earth metals, primarily cerium and lanthanum, used to make flints for cigarette lighters and as an ingredient in alloys. Also, misch metal. ╂[< German mischen to mix, ultimately < Latin miscēre] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Metal de Misch — El Mischmetall es una aleación de elementos de tierras raras en diferentes proporciones de forma natural. Una composición típica incluye aproximadamente 50% de cerio y 45% de lantano, con pequeñas cantidades de neodimio y praseodimio. Su uso más… …   Wikipedia Español

  • rare-earth element — /rair errth /, Chem. any of a group of closely related metallic elements, comprising the lanthanides, scandium, and yttrium, that are chemically similar by virtue of having the same number of valence electrons. Also called rare earth metal. [1955 …   Universalium

  • cerium — /sear ee euhm/, n. a steel gray, ductile metallic element of the rare earth group found only in combination. Symbol: Ce; at. wt.: 140.12; at. no.: 58. [1795 1805; CER(ES) + IUM] * * * Chemical element, a rare earth metal of the lanthanide series… …   Universalium

  • Ductile iron — Iron alloy phases Ferrite (α iron, δ iron) Austenite (γ iron) Pearlite (88% ferrite, 12% cementite) …   Wikipedia

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