/meuh ree"neuh/, n., pl. Merinas, (esp. collectively) Merina.
a member of a Malagasy-speaking people who primarily inhabit the interior plateau of Madagascar.

* * *

also called  Antimerina,  Imerina,  or  Hova 

      a Malagasy people primarily inhabiting the central plateau of Madagascar. They are the most populous ethnolinguistic group on the island.

      The early Merina, whose origins are uncertain, entered the central plateau of Madagascar in the 15th century and soon established a small kingdom there. Early Merina rulers organized vast irrigation projects to drain the local marshes and make possible the practice of wet-rice cultivation in irrigated paddies. Under the early 16th-century queen Rafohy and her successors, the rule of the Merina people spread gradually through the central plateau. King Andrianampoinimerina (or Nampoina; ruled 1787–1810) was the first Merina monarch to consolidate his power and make Merina a unified kingdom. His armies, commanded by his son Radama, secured control over much of the central highlands.

      Radama, as king from 1810 to 1828, continued his father's policies and made tributaries of most of the kingdoms of Madagascar. He also instituted a policy of westernization and modernization, welcoming missionaries, European advisers, and Western education. This policy was reversed by his wife and successor, Queen Ranavalona I (reigned 1828–61), but it was revived under King Radama II (reigned 1861–63). The authority of the crown over the contentious Merina nobility was reinforced during the reigns of queens Rasoherina (reigned 1863–68) and Ranavalona II (reigned 1868–83) by the creation of a royal bureaucracy of European-style ministers. The Merina monarchs had nearly completed the unification of Madagascar into a single, centralized state when French troops occupied the capital in 1895 and turned the island into a colony.

      The Merina cultivate rice, cassava, potatoes, onions, and other crops and raise cattle and pigs. They constitute a large proportion of the educated middle-class and intellectual elite of Madagascar, serving as businessmen, technicians, managers, and government officials.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Merina — Populations Populations significatives par régions  Madagascar 3 000 001 (XVIe siècle) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mérina — Merina Merina Populations significatives par régions  Ma …   Wikipédia en Français

  • merina — ● merina nom masculin Principal dialecte malgache, parlé par les Merinas. (Le merina est la base du malgache standard.) Merina ou Mérina adj. (inv. en genre) De la province de l Imerina; des Merina. Merina ou Mérina population de Madagascar… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Merina — puede referirse a: Oveja merina, una raza de oveja (Ovis aries). Reino de Merina, reino que ocupó la mayor parte de Madagascar entre 1787 y 1897. Merina (etnia), etnia mayoritaria en Madagascar. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Merina — puede tener varios significados: 1. Una raza de oveja (Ovis aries), la oveja merina. 2. Reino que ocupó la mayor parte de Madagascar entre 1787 y 1897, el Reino de Merina. 3. Etnia mayoritaria en Madagascar. Ver Merina (etnia) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Merina — Merina,   wichtigstes Volk der Madagassen mit etwa 3,4 Mio. Angehörigen. Feldbau und Handwerk sind Grundlage ihrer Wirtschaft, heute üben die Merina jedoch alle Berufe aus und leben zunehmend in Städten. Auf dem Land wohnen die Merina in mit… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • MERINA — familia Africae regia. Vide Marochanum regnum et hîc infra …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Merina — Not to be confused with Mirena. ethnic group Leo Hansen begun the Merina Culture back in 1521 group=Merina poptime= c. 3 million popplace=Madagascar rels=Christianity, Animism langs=Malagasy related= Betsileo, other Malagasy people The Merina is… …   Wikipedia

  • Merina — Die drei Millionen Merina bilden den größten Volksstamm Madagaskars. Sie sprechen eine Malayo Polynesische Sprache und leben im zentralen Hochland um die Hauptstadt Antananarivo im Gebiet des Imerina. Ihre Vorfahren, die Malaien, wanderten vom… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • merina —     La raza de ovejas conocida como merina debe su nombre, según la teoría más comúnmente aceptada, a quienes la introdujeron en nuestras tierras: los Benimerines, una de las muchas tribus norteafricanas que tras el 711 llegaron a la Península… …   Diccionario del origen de las palabras

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”