/mad"euh seuhn/, n.
1. Dolly or Dolley /dol"ee/, (Dorothea Payne), 1768-1849, wife of James Madison.
2. James, 1751-1836, 4th president of the U.S. 1809-17.
3. a city in and the capital of Wisconsin, in the S part. 170,616.
4. a city in NE New Jersey. 15,357.
5. a town in S Connecticut. 14,031.
6. a city in SE Indiana. 12,472.
7. a dance in which the participants stand side by side in a line while one person, acting as leader, calls out various steps, each letter of the word "Madison" signaling a specific step.

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City (pop., 2000: 208,054), capital of Wisconsin, U.S. It is located in the south-central part of the state, on an isthmus between Lakes Mendota and Monona.

Founded in 1836 and named for James Madison, it became the capital of Wisconsin Territory the same year. It was incorporated as a village in 1846 and as a city in 1856. Steady development followed the 1854 arrival of the railroad. Noted for its parks and wooded lakeshore, it is the commercial centre of an agricultural region. Educational and governmental services are economically important; it is the seat of the University of Wisconsin's main campus.
(as used in expressions)
Madison James
Terman Lewis Madison

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 city, seat (1811) of Jefferson county, southeastern Indiana, U.S. It lies along the Ohio River (bridged), opposite Milton, Ky. Settled about 1808 and named for President James Madison, it flourished as a river port until overshadowed by Louisville, Ky. (46 miles [74 km] southwestward downstream), and Cincinnati, Ohio (70 miles [113 km] upstream). The town was the southern terminus of the Madison and Indianapolis Railroad (built 1836–47), one of the first lines west of the Allegheny Mountains. Madison is now an important tobacco market and agricultural trading centre; its manufactures include motor vehicle parts, plastics, hydraulic equipment, filters, and chemicals. Hanover College (1827) is nearby; Ivy Tech State College (1971) operates a branch in the city. A number of fine antebellum houses, notably the J.F.D. Lanier State Historic Landmark (mansion; 1844) and Shrewsbury-Windle House (1849), have been preserved. The Talbott-Hyatt Pioneer Garden has a community well (c. 1820). The Jefferson (military) Proving Grounds and Clifty Falls State Park are nearby. The annual regatta and Indiana Governor's Cup race for hydroplanes are held at Madison in July; the Chautauqua Festival of Art (September) also draws many visitors. Inc. town, 1824; city, 1838. Pop. (2000) 12,004; (2005 est.) 12,443.

      city, seat (1873) of Lake county, southeastern South Dakota, U.S. It lies about 50 miles (80 km) northwest of Sioux Falls. In 1870 settlers William Lee and Charles Walker arrived in the area and named it for Madison, Wisconsin, which was near their previous home. The community was laid out on Lake Madison in 1875 after having been chosen as county seat two years earlier. In 1880 the Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul Railroad passed through a homestead that lay about 5 miles (8 km) northwest, and the residents of Madison and nearby Herman moved their towns to that site. Dakota State University was founded there in 1881 as the first teacher-training school in the Dakota Territory. The university is a primary factor in the city's economy. Area agriculture is based on corn (maize), soybeans, and poultry; manufactures include farm implements, road-maintenance equipment, wood cabinets, snowmobile parts, custom homes, plastics, and signs. Immediately west is Prairie Village, which features pioneer buildings and memorabilia and serves as the site of the annual Steam Threshing Jamboree (August), with its antique farm equipment show. Lake Herman State Park, Walkers Point State Recreation Area, and Lakes Madison and Herman are nearby. Inc. 1885. Pop. (1990) 6,257; (2000) 6,540.

      city, capital (1838) of Wisconsin, U.S., and seat (1836) of Dane county. Madison, Wisconsin's second largest city, lies in the south-central part of the state, centred on an isthmus between Lakes Mendota and Monona (which, with Lakes Waubesa and Kegonsa to the southeast, form the “four lakes” group), about 75 miles (120 km) west of Milwaukee. Sauk, Fox, and Ho-Chunk Nation (Winnebago (Ho-Chunk)) Indians were early inhabitants of the area. It was founded by James Duane Doty, a former federal district judge and a land speculator who held large holdings in the area, in 1836 (a year of frenzied land speculation in the newly created Territory of Wisconsin) and was named for President James Madison (Madison, James), who had died that summer. That same year Doty persuaded the legislature to make Madison the permanent capital of Wisconsin and to establish a university there. The wooded site was still uninhabited, but construction of a capitol building was quickly begun, and late in 1838 the territorial legislature held its first session in a nearby building. Wisconsin became a state in 1848, and, through the efforts of Leonard J. Farwell, a wealthy businessman from Milwaukee, industries began to locate in the city about 1850. The railroad arrived in 1854, and steady development ensued.

      Governmental operations and the University of Wisconsin (Wisconsin, University of)–Madison (1848) account for much of the city's prosperity and form the basis of its economy. Madison is the trade centre of a large agricultural area (dairy products, corn [maize], soybeans, tobacco, and livestock). Food processing is a major industry, and the city is the headquarters for Oscar Mayer Foods Corp. Services (health care and insurance), printing, and manufacturing (truck trailers, medical equipment, and agricultural equipment) are also important. The city is also the site of the USDA Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory (1910).

      Madison is characterized by landscaped lakeshores, bicycle paths, and large parks, including Henry Vilas Park with the city zoo. Governor Nelson State Park on Lake Mendota, Lake Kegonsa State Park on Lake Kegonsa, the University of Wisconsin–Madison Arboretum on Lake Wingra, and Olbrich Botanical Gardens provide other outdoor recreational opportunities. The city's skyline is dominated by the State Capitol (284.4 feet [86.7 metres] high), modeled after the U.S. Capitol (Capitol, United States) in Washington, D.C. Its white granite dome is topped by a statue, Wisconsin; made of bronze by sculptor Daniel Chester French (French, Daniel Chester) and covered in gold leaf, it symbolizes the state motto: “Forward.” It is in a 13-acre (5-hectare) park known as the Capitol Square. The square is the site of a popular farmers' market, held weekly from May through October, as well as concerts and other events. The Monona Terrace Community and Convention Center (1997) overlooking Lake Monona is based on a 1938 design by Frank Lloyd Wright (Wright, Frank Lloyd). Madison is the seat of the original campus of the University of Wisconsin, whose 930-acre (375-hectare) main campus includes an art museum, a geology museum, and a scenic lakeshore path. Madison Area Technical College (1912) and Edgewood College (1927) are also in the city. Madison is home to a symphony orchestra and an opera, as well as a children's museum, the State Historical Museum, and the Wisconsin Veterans Museum. One of Madison's most well-known spots is State Street, a pedestrian mall that extends several blocks between the Capitol Square and the university campus and is lined with shops, restaurants, bars, and art galleries. The city is also the site of Mendota Mental Health Institute (1860), Wisconsin's first mental-health facility. Portions of Ice Age National Scenic Trail run west of the city. Inc. village, 1846; city, 1856. Pop. (1990) city, 191,262; Madison MSA, 367,085; (2000) city, 208,054; Madison MSA, 426,526.

      borough (town), Morris county, northeastern New Jersey, U.S. It lies 18 miles (29 km) west of Newark. The borough of Madison includes the communities of Montville, Wood Ridge, and Hopewell Valley. The centre of a greenhouse industry and nicknamed the “Rose City,” it is the site of Drew University (chartered 1868) and the Florham-Madison Campus of Fairleigh Dickinson University. The College of St. Elizabeth (1899) is at nearby Morristown. Sayre House (c. 1745) was General Anthony Wayne (Wayne, Anthony)'s headquarters during the American Revolution. The community, settled about 1685 and originally called Bottle Hill for Bottle Hill Tavern (rebuilt 1812), was renamed for President James Madison (Madison, James) in 1834 and incorporated in 1889. The manufacture of jewelry and textiles is also important to the economy. Pop. (1990) 15,850; (2000) 16,530.

      county, central New York state, U.S., mostly comprising a rugged upland, bounded by Oneida Lake and Chittenango and Oneida creeks to the north and the Unadilla River to the southeast. Other waterways include the Chenango and Sangerfield rivers and Cazenovia and Tuscarora lakes. Wooded areas feature maple, elm, birch, and beech trees. Public lands include Chittenango Falls State Park and Tioughnioga State Wildlife Management Area. Stockbridge Test Site, a military installation, is in the northern part of the county.

       Oneida and Onondaga Indians inhabited the region before the arrival of European settlers and American colonists. The county was established in 1806 and named for James Madison (Madison, James). In 1848 John Humphrey Noyes (Noyes, John Humphrey) established an experimental religious community in Oneida that practiced plural marriage, eugenics, and communal ownership of property. The Oneida Community prospered by manufacturing steel traps and silverware until 1881, when it disbanded as a social experiment and reorganized as a private business enterprise. Hamilton is the home of Colgate University (founded 1819). Other communities include Chittenango, Canastota, Cazenovia, and Wampsville, which is the county seat.

      The economy is based on tourism and agriculture (corn [maize] and dairy products). Area 656 square miles (1,699 square km). Pop. (2000) 69,441; (2007 est.) 69,829.

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Universalium. 2010.

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