/law rddyahonn"/, n.
a seaport in NW France, on the Bay of Biscay. 71,923.

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 maritime town, Morbihan département, Brittany région, western France, southeast of Quimper, and west-southwest of Paris, situated on the right bank of the Scorff River at its confluence with the Blavet on the Bay of Biscay. Almost completely destroyed by bombing in 1944, the town was rebuilt after World War II.

      Lorient developed as a fishing port and naval base, but the importance of both these activities has declined. Local industries include mechanical and electrical engineering, food processing, and the manufacture of electronics. The town is also a commercial and administrative centre and the site of the University of Southern Brittany. Tourism is increasingly important, with the town's yachting harbour especially popular.

      The medieval hamlet of Blavet took the name of Port-Louis when a citadel was built on the site under Louis XIII, king of France (reigned 1610–43). In 1664, Louis XIV (reigned 1643–1715) authorized a merchant company to settle there; and the town was named L'Orient in reference to the Eastern countries with which it traded. The town prospered and was further enlarged when another major trading company settled there in 1719. After France lost its possessions in India, commerce declined. Louis XVI (reigned 1774–92) bought the port and established a royal arsenal there. Pop. (1999) 59,189; (2005 est.) 58,400.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lorient — An Oriant Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lorient — (An Oriant) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lorient —   [lɔ rjã], Hafenstadt an der Südküste der Bretagne, Département Morbihan, Frankreich, an der Bucht von Lorient, 59 300 Einwohner; Marineschule, Schifffahrtsmuseum; mit seinem Vorort Kéroman einer der größten französischen Fischereihäfen;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lorient — Le nom est surtout porté dans l Indre. Variantes : Lorien, Laurien, Laurient, Laurian. C est un nom de baptême, Laurien (latin Laurianus), popularisé par un saint, évêque et martyr à Séville. Rien à voir avec la ville de Lorient (chantier de… …   Noms de famille

  • Lorient — (spr. lorĭāng), Arrondissementshauptstadt im franz. Depart. Morbihan, am rechten Ufer des Scorff, nahe der Mündung desselben in den Blavet, mit dem er die buchtartige Reede von L. bildet, an der Orléansbahn, Kriegshafen erster Klasse und Festung …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lorient — (spr. rĭáng), Stadt im franz. Dep. Morbihan, an der Mündung des Scorff in die Bai von L. oder den Mündungsbusen des Blavet, (1901) 44.640 E.; Reede, Flottenstation, Festung, Sitz einer Seepräfektur …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lorient — Lorient, LʼOrient (Loriang), feste französ. Hafenstadt im Departem. Morbihan, mit großer Rhede, Kriegshafen, Arsenal und Werften, 26200 E., Seehandel, Seesalzbereitung …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Lorient — [lō̂ ryän′] seaport in NW France, on the Bay of Biscay: pop. 59,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Lorient — 47° 45′ N 3° 22′ W / 47.75, 3.36 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lorient — French commune nomcommune=Lorient native name=An Oriant x = 33 y = 101 lat long=coord|47|44|48|N|3|21|53|W|region:FR type:city caption=Yachting harbour in Lorient région=Bretagne département=Morbihan ( sous préfecture ) arrondissement=Lorient… …   Wikipedia

  • Lorient — Original name in latin Lorient Name in other language An Oriant, LRT, Lor jan, Lorian, Lorient, Lorjanas, Lorjen, Oriens, luo li ang, lwryan, rorian, Лор ян, Лориан, Лорьян, Лорјен State code FR Continent/City Europe/Paris longitude 47.75… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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