/lim"euh neen'/, n. Chem.
a liquid terpene, C40H16, occurring in two optically different forms, the dextrorotatory form being present in the essential oils of lemon, orange, etc., and the levorotatory form in Douglas fir needle oil.
[1835-45; < NL Limon(um) lemon + -ENE]

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      a colourless liquid abundant in the essential oils of pine and citrus trees and used as a lemonlike odorant in industrial and household products and as a chemical intermediate.

      Limonene exists in two isomeric forms (compounds with the same molecular formula—in this case, C10H16—but with different structures), namely l-limonene, the isomer that rotates the plane of polarized light counterclockwise, and d-limonene, the isomer that causes rotation in the opposite direction. In the extraction of citrus juices d-limonene is obtained as a by-product, and it also occurs in caraway oil; l-limonene is present in pine needles and cones; dl-limonene, or dipentene, the mixture of equal amounts of the l- and d-isomers, is a component of turpentine.

      Dipentene may be sulfurized to produce additives that improve the performance of lubricating oils under heavy loads; d-limonene is commercially converted to l-carvone, which has a caraway-seed flavour.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Limonene — Limonène Limonène Structure du R Limonène Général Nom IUPAC 1 méthyl 4 prop 1 èn 2 yl cyclohexène …   Wikipédia en Français

  • limonène — [ limɔnɛn ] n. m. • 1905; de 3. limon et ène ♦ Chim. Hydrocarbure de la famille des terpènes, qu on rencontre dans les essences de citron, de bergamote, etc. ● limonène nom masculin (arabe līmūn, citron) Hydrocarbure terpénique C10H16, employé… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • limonene — n. a liquid terpene with a lemon odor; found in lemons and oranges and other essential oils. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • limonene — [lim′ə nēn΄] n. [< ModL Limonum (< Fr limon, LEMON) + ENE] any of three isomeric terpenes, C10H16, present in many plant products such as lemon peel, orange oil, pine needles, peppermint, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Limonene — Not to be confused with Lemonene. Limonene …   Wikipedia

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  • Limonene-1,2-epoxide hydrolase — In enzymology, a limonene 1,2 epoxide hydrolase (EC number| is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:limonene 1,2 epoxide + H2O ightleftharpoons limonene 1,2 diolThus, the two substrates of this enzyme are limonene 1,2 epoxide… …   Wikipedia

  • limonene — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from French limon lemon, from Middle French Date: 1845 a widely distributed terpene hydrocarbon C10H16 that occurs in essential oils (as of oranges or lemons) and has a lemon odor …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • limonene — noun A monoterpene hydrocarbon 1 methyl 4 prop 1 en 2 yl cyclohexene found in the essential oils of oranges, lemons and similar fruit, and mainly responsible for their fragrance …   Wiktionary

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