/lawr"euhns, lor"-/, n.
1. D(avid) H(erbert), 1885-1930, English novelist.
2. Ernest O(rlando), 1901-58, U.S. physicist: inventor of the cyclotron; Nobel prize 1939.
3. Gertrude, 1901?-52, English actress.
4. Jacob, born 1917, U.S. painter and educator.
5. James, 1781-1813, U.S. naval officer in the War of 1812.
6. Saint. Also, Lorenzo. Latin, Laurentius. died A.D. 258?, early church martyr.
7. Sir Thomas, 1769-1830, English painter.
8. T(homas) E(dward) (T. E. Shaw) ("Lawrence of Arabia"), 1888-1935, English archaeologist, adventurer, soldier, and writer.
9. a city in NE Massachusetts, on the Merrimack River. 63,175.
10. a city in E Kansas, on the Kansas River. 52,738.
11. a town in central Indiana. 25,591.
12. a male given name: from a Latin word meaning "a man of Laurentum."

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(as used in expressions)
Herbert Lawrence Block
Lawrence Cecil Adler
Alma Tadema Sir Lawrence
Ashbery John Lawrence
Lawrence Peter Berra
Durrell Lawrence George
Elkin Stanley Lawrence
Ferlinghetti Lawrence Monsanto
Lawrence Ferling
Lawrence Harvey Zeiger
Lawrence David Herbert
Lawrence Ernest Orlando
Lawrence Gertrude
Gertrud Alexandra Dagmar Lawrence Klasen
Lawrence Jacob
Lawrence James
Lawrence Saint
Lawrence Thomas Edward
Levine James Lawrence
Mikan George Lawrence
O'Brien Lawrence
Saint Lawrence Gulf of
Shirer William Lawrence
Sullivan John Lawrence
Taylor Lawrence Julius
Tibbett Lawrence
Lawrence Mervil Tibbet
Welk Lawrence
Lawrence John Laird Mair
Baron Lawrence of the Punjab and of Grately

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      city, seat (1855) of Douglas county, eastern Kansas, U.S. It lies on the Kansas River. It was founded in 1854 by antislavery (abolitionism) radicals who had come to Kansas under the auspices of the New England Emigrant Aid Company to outvote proslavery settlers and thus make Kansas a “free” state. The city was named for Amos A. Lawrence, a New England textile manufacturer who funded the company's settlement efforts. It was a noted station on the Underground Railroad by which slaves escaped into free territory. As a Jayhawker (abolitionist) headquarters, the town was sacked in 1856 by a proslavery militia under David Rice Atchison, a former Democratic senator from Missouri, and in 1863 by Confederate guerrillas under the command of William Clarke Quantrill (Quantrill, William C.), who massacred more than 150 citizens and burned much of the city.

      Lawrence has some small factories, but it is essentially a college town. In 1866 the University of Kansas (Kansas, University of) was opened; Dyche Museum of Natural History and Snow Entomological Museum, both on the university's campus, house important scientific collections. In 1884 Haskell Institute (now Haskell Indian Nations University) was established for American Indians. Baker University (1858) is in Baldwin City, 13 miles (21 km) south. Clinton State Park and Douglas State Fishing Lake are nearby. Inc. 1858. Pop. (1990) city, 65,608; Lawrence MSA, 81,798; (2000) city, 80,098; Lawrence MSA, 99,962.

      city, Essex county, northeastern Massachusetts, U.S. It lies along the Merrimack River, 26 miles (42 km) north of Boston. The site at Bodwell's Falls (the source of abundant waterpower) was promoted for industry in 1845 by the Essex Company, formed by a group of Boston financiers that included Abbott Lawrence (Lawrence, Abbott), for whom the town was named. In 1847 it was set off from Andover and Methuen and incorporated as a town, and it developed as one of the largest woolen- textile centres in the United States after completion of the Boston and Maine Railroad (now closed). In 1912 Lawrence was the scene of a great strike involving out-of-town militia and the Industrial Workers of the World; known as the “Bread and Roses” strike (owing to a banner carried by some of the striking women textile workers), it was settled when the labourers won a one-cent hourly increase. The city's industry has diversified since 1950, and its manufactures now include textiles, electronics, and computerized systems. Services and trade are also important. It is nevertheless an area of destitute families, many of them immigrants. More than one-fourth of residents live below the poverty level. Inc. city, 1853. Pop. (1990) city, 70,207; Lawrence PMSA, 353,232; (2000) city, 72,043; Lawrence PMSA, 396,230.

      county, western Pennsylvania, U.S., bordered to the west by Ohio. It consists of a hilly region on the Allegheny Plateau that is drained by the Shenango, Mahoning, and Beaver rivers. McConnell's Mill State Park is located along Slippery Rock Creek.

      New Castle, the county seat, was connected to Beaver in Beaver county by the Erie Extension Canal (opened 1833). Lawrence county was created in 1849 and named for the Lawrence, Oliver Hazard Perry (Perry, Oliver Hazard)'s flagship during the Battle of Lake Erie (Lake Erie, Battle of). New Wilmington is the home of Westminster College (founded 1852). Other communities include Ellwood City, Bessemer, Ellport, and Wampum. The county's economy rests on services (health care and business), manufacturing (iron and steel), and mining (bituminous coal). Area 361 square miles (934 square km). Pop. (2000) 94,643; (2007 est.) 90,991.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • LAWRENCE (T. E.) — Thomas Edward Lawrence est essentiellement connu pour son action auprès des tribus arabes pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, ce qui fit de lui un héros presque légendaire et lui valut le surnom de Lawrence d’Arabie. Lawrence a t il été… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LAWRENCE (D. H.) — Nombreux furent et restent les malentendus qui entourent un des plus grands écrivains britanniques du XXe siècle. Aux uns, il paraît un érotomane, aux autres, le prophète d’une renaissance à partir de l’harmonie sexuelle. D’autres encore… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lawrence — Lawrence, NE U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 312 Housing Units (2000): 167 Land area (2000): 0.414809 sq. miles (1.074351 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.414809 sq. miles (1.074351… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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  • LAWRENCE (E. O.) — LAWRENCE ERNEST ORLANDO (1901 1958) Physicien américain né à Canton (Dakota du Sud) et mort à Palo Alto (Californie). Après des études effectuées dans les universités du Dakota du Sud, du Minnesota et de Chicago, Ernest O. Lawrence soutient, en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Lawrence — (David Herbert) (1885 1930) romancier anglais. Il traite l harmonie sexuelle, le viol, la bisexualité, la solitude, l autodestruction: le Serpent à plumes (1926), l Amant de lady Chatterley (1928, longtemps interdit en Angleterre). Lawrence… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lawrence — Lawrence1 [lôr′əns, lär′əns] n. a masculine name: see LAURENCE Lawrence2 [lôr′əns, lär′əns] 1. D(avid) H(erbert) 1885 1930; Eng. novelist & poet 2. Ernest O(rlando) 1901 58; U.S. physicist 3. Gertrude (born Gertrud Alexandra Dagmar Lawrence… …   English World dictionary

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