/lawn"ses'teuhn, lahn"-/, n.
a city on N Tasmania. 38,000, with suburbs 60,000.

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formerly Patersonia

City (pop., 2001: 57,685) and port, northeastern Tasmania, Australia.

Launceston developed during the 1830s as a whaling port and market centre. It is now the largest population and commercial centre in northern Tasmania. An export hub for a fertile agricultural region, it also has industries, including machine-making factories. One of the world's first hydroelectric stations (built in 1895) lies within the city on the South Esk River.

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      town (“parish”), North Cornwall district, administrative and historic county of Cornwall, England. Situated on the Devon county border, Launceston has sometimes been described as “the gateway to Cornwall.” The keep of the Norman castle of Dunheved still dominates the town, which grew up around it. A parish church, built in 1524, stands in the market square. Pop. (2001) 7,135.

      chief city and port of northern Tasmania, Australia, lying where the North and South Esk rivers meet to form the River Tamar, a navigable tidal estuary that winds 40 miles (65 km) to Bass Strait. In 1804 Lieutenant Colonel William Paterson established George Town at the mouth of the Tamar, from which a settlement was established upstream on the present site of Launceston (at first called Patersonia). Surveyed in 1826, it was named for the Cornish birthplace of Philip Gidley King, third governor of New South Wales (1800–07). During the 1830s Launceston developed as a whaling port and market centre for an agricultural district. It was proclaimed a municipality in 1852, a town in 1858, and a city in 1888.

      The city is now the largest population and commercial centre in northern Tasmania and has several characteristics of a capital city. Located at the junction of the West and East Tamar, Tasman, and Midland highways, it is the headquarters of the state railway system, has direct air connections to Hobart and Melbourne, and is close to the mainland ferry at Devonport. The fertile coastal plain around Launceston yields fruits, livestock, wool, and grains, which are shipped from local wharves or from larger docks at Beauty Point farther north on the estuary. Other exports are textiles and lumber and aluminum from the Bell Bay refinery. Industries include heavy-engineering works; textile and machine-making plants; and flour mills and breweries. Launceston has a maritime college, the Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery, St. John's Church (1824–30), and Entally House (1820). One of the world's first hydroelectric stations (1895) lies within the city on Cataract Gorge of the South Esk. Pop. (2001) urban centre, 68,443; urban agglom., 95,604.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Launceston — may refer to:* Launceston, Cornwall, United Kingdom. **Launceston (UK Parliament constituency), a former parliamentary constituency based around Launceston in Cornwall. **Launceston RUFC, a rugby football club in Launceston, Cornwall.* Launceston …   Wikipedia

  • Launceston — ist der Name folgender Ortschaften: Launceston (Cornwall), eine Stadt in Cornwall, England, Vereinigtes Königreich Launceston (Tasmanien), eine Stadt in Tasmanien, Australien Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Launceston — (spr. Lahncest n), 1) Hauptstadt der englischen Grafschaft Cornwall auf einer Anhöhe unweit der Tamer; Grammarschule, Bibliothek, philosophische Gesellschaft, Baumwoll u. Wollmanufacturen; Schloßruine; 6000 Ew. In unmittelbarer Nähe liegt der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Launceston — (spr. laonstön), 1) (Dunneheved) Stadt (municipal borough) in der engl. Grafschaft Cornwall, in schöner Lage am Attery (Nebenfluß des Tamar), mit einer gotischen Kirche (von 1540), 2 Lateinschulen, Schloßruine aus der Normannenzeit und (1901)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Launceston — Launceston, (spr. lahnst n). 1) Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Cornwall, nahe beim Tamar, (1901) 4053 E. – 2) L., Stadt in der brit. austral. Kolonie Tasmanien, nahe am Tamar, 18.022, mit den Vororten 21.153 E.; Handel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Launceston —   [ lɔːnsəstən], Hafenstadt in Nord Tasmanien, Australien, an der Mündung des Tamar River, 96 000 Einwohner; Maschinenbau, Textil , Nahrungsmittel u. a. Industrie; Ausfuhr und Fährhafen mit Bahnverbindung nach Hobart.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Launceston FC — Football club infobox clubname = Launceston United fullname = Launceston United Soccer Club founded = 1989 ground = Birch Avenue , Launceston capacity = chairman = Maurie Krushka manager = Website = | league =… …   Wikipedia

  • Launceston F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Launceston fullname = Launceston Football Club nickname = The Clarets founded = 1891 ground = Pennygillam Launceston capacity = chairman = manager = Paul Smith league = South West Peninsula League Premier Division …   Wikipedia

  • Launceston — 1 Original name in latin Launceston Name in other language LST, Launceston, Launcestown, Lonseston, Patersonia, lang sai si dun, lonseoseuteon, ronsesuton, Лонсестон State code AU Continent/City Australia/Hobart longitude 41.43876 latitude… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Launceston — /ˈlɒnsɛstən/ (say lonsestuhn), /ˈlɔn / (say lawn ), / səstən/ (say suhstuhn) noun a city in northern Tasmania, on the junction of the North and South Esk rivers and Tamar River; state railway centre. {named in honour of the Cornish town in which… …  

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