Larousse

Larousse
/lann rddoohs"/; Eng. /leuh roohs"/, n.
Pierre Athanase /pyerdd ann tann nahz"/, 1817-75, French grammarian, lexicographer, and encyclopedist.

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▪ French publishing company
in full  Librairie Larousse 

      Parisian publishing house specializing in encyclopaedias and dictionaries, founded in 1852 by Augustin Boyer and Pierre Larousse, editor of the Grand Dictionnaire universel du XIXe siècle (15 vol., 1866–76; 2 supplements, 1878 and 1890). The many reference works later published by descendants of the founders derived from Larousse's Grand Dictionnaire.

      The Grand Dictionnaire universel du XIXe siècle, in the compilation of which Larousse was guided by the motto vulgariser sans abaisser (“popularize without debasing”), combined features of the dictionary and of the general short-entry encyclopaedia in offering concise, alphabetically arranged entries that included etymologies and examples of usage of the title words.

      At the turn of the century, under the direction of Larousse's nephew, Claude Augé, the Nouveau Larousse illustré (7 vol., 1897–1904; supplement, 1907), which was a modernized form of the Grand Dictionnaire, further exploited the Larousse short-entry style. It was especially noted for its articles on individual works of art. In 1907 Augé inaugurated a serial supplement to the Larousse publications, the monthly Larousse mensuel illustré: revue encyclopédique universelle (1907–40 and 1947–57), in which the articles are relatively long.

      The Larousse du XXe siècle (6 vol., 1927–33; revised 1948–50; supplement, 1954), edited by Paul Augé, devoted special attention to World War I. In adopting a more popular approach and in using shorter entries than Pierre Larousse's Grand Dictionnaire, it resembled the Nouveau Larousse illustré, of which it approximated a new edition.

      The Grand Larousse encyclopédique (10 vol., 1960–64), also edited by Paul Augé, succeeded the three previous major Larousse encyclopaedias but was the first to be profusely illustrated and to offer comprehensive biographies.

      Other Larousse publications include shorter general encyclopaedias, such as the Larousse pour tous: dictionnaire encyclopédique (2 vol., 1908), superseded in 1922 by the two-volume Larousse universel: dictionnaire encyclopédique; dictionaries, notably Pierre Larousse's Dictionnaire de la langue française (1856) and its successor, Petit Larousse illustré (1906), edited by Claude Augé; children's encyclopaedias, including the topically arranged Encyclopédie pour la jeunesse (5 vol., 1958–62); and the topically arranged encyclopaedia Grand Mémento encyclopédique (2 vol., 1936–37), re-edited as the Encyclopédie Larousse méthodique (1955).

      The Pequeño Larousse ilustrado (1912), in later printings entitled Nuevo Pequeño Larousse ilustrado, is an adaptation in Spanish of the Petit Larousse illustré.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Larousse —   [la rus], Pierre, französischer Verleger und Lexikograph, * Toucy (Département Yonne) 23. 10. 1817, ✝ Paris 3. 1. 1875; war Lehrer in Toucy und Paris (seit 1840) und Verfasser von Schulbüchern, v. a. zur französischen Sprache und Grammatik;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Larousse — can refer to:*Grand Larousse encyclopédique *Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology *Larousse Gastronomique *Pierre Larousse *Petit Larousse *Larrousse …   Wikipedia

  • Larousse — steht für: Pierre Larousse (1817–1875), ein französischer Schriftsteller, Lexikograph und Enzyklopädist den französischen Verlag Éditions Larousse eine Reihe von französischen Wörterbüchern, Lexika und Enzyklopädien, siehe Éditions Larousse Siehe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Larousse — (spr. rūß ), Pierre, franz. pädagogischer Schriftsteller und Lexikograph, geb. 23. Okt. 1817 in Toucy (Yonne), gest. 3. Jan. 1875 in Paris, erhielt seine Ausbildung in Versailles, war längere Zeit Vorstand eines kleinen Instituts in der Provinz,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Larousse — (Pierre) (1817 1875) lexicographe, encyclopédiste et éditeur français; auteur du Grand Dictionnaire universel du XIXe siècle (14 vol., 1866 1876). En 1852, il fonda la Librairie Larousse avec Augustin Boyer …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Larousse — (spr. ruhß), Pierre, franz. Lexikograph und Verlagsbuchhändler, geb. 23. Okt. 1817 zu Toucy, gest. 3. Jan. 1875 zu Paris; Hauptwerk: »Grand dictionnaire universel du XIXe siècle« (15 Bde., 1864 76 mit 2 Supplementen) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Larousse — Larousse, Pierre …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Larousse — C est dans le Loiret que le nom a toujours été le plus répandu. Outre Paris, on le rencontre également dans la Seine et Marne et dans l Yonne, ainsi que dans l Aveyron. Il peut s agir d un surnom pour une femme rousse, mais on doit plutôt avoir… …   Noms de famille

  • Larousse — (izg. larȕs), Pierre (1817 1875) DEFINICIJA francuski filolog i enciklopedist, utemeljitelj po njemu nazvanog izdavačkog poduzeća (1852), do danas jednog od vodećih na području leksikografije i enciklopedistike …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Larousse — [lə ro͞os′, laro͞os; ] Fr [ lȧ ro͞os′] Pierre Athanase [ȧ tȧ näz′] 1817 75; Fr. lexicographer & grammarian …   English World dictionary

  • Larousse.fr — Éditions Larousse Pour les articles homonymes, voir Larousse. Logo de Éditions Larousse Fondateur(s) …   Wikipédia en Français

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