/kas"euhl/; Ger. /kah"seuhl/, n.
a city in central Germany. 203,500.
Also, Cassel.

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also spelled  Cassel 

      city, Hessen Land (state), central Germany. It lies along the Fulda River, which is a navigable tributary of the Weser River, 90 miles (145 km) northeast of Frankfurt am Main.

      First mentioned in 913 as Chassala (Chassela), the town derived its name, usually spelled Casle in the late European Middle Ages, from the Latin-Franconian castella (“stronghold”). Probably a seat of the Franconian kings, it was chartered in 1180 and became the residence of the landgraves of Hesse about 1277. An extension, Neustadt (New Town), was added, of which St. Martin's Church (14th century) became the centre; the Oberneustadt (Upper New Town) was built in the 17th century for Huguenot refugees. Kassel was the capital of Hesse-Kassel (later the Electorate of Hesse) from 1567 to 1866; it also served as the capital of the short-lived kingdom of Westphalia (1807–13) and, after 1866, of the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau (until 1944). A centre of German airplane and tank production in World War II, it was almost totally destroyed by Allied bombing but has been carefully rebuilt.

      Kassel is an important rail junction and an industrial centre. Manufactures include transportation equipment. The city's historical landmarks include the Orangery Palace (1701–11) in Karlsaue Park and the Ottoneum (1604–07; largely rebuilt in 1697), which is claimed to be the oldest theatre building in Germany and which now houses a natural history museum. Other museums in the city include the Hesse Provincial Museum; the German Wallpaper Museum, which contains an unusual wallpaper collection; the Museum Fridericianum, the site of Documenta, an international art exhibition; and the Museum of the Brothers Grimm. The city is the seat of the University of Kassel (founded 1971). Wilhelmshöhe, a mountain just west of the city, is the site of a palace (1786–1801) that houses the State Art Collections. Nearby, a celebrated series of cascades is topped by a statue of Hercules that has been the symbol of Kassel since the 18th century. Pop. (2003 est.) 194,322.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • KASSEL — KASSEL, city in Germany, former capital of the state of hesse kassel . A record of 1293 maintains that a Jewess had been in possession of some property in Kassel at an earlier date. A Jews street was in existence in 1318. During the black death… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kassel — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kassel — (Cassel, hierzu der Stadtplan, mit Registerblatt), Hauptstadt der preuß. Provinz Hessen Nassau (bis 1866 des ehemaligen Kurfürstentums Hessen) sowie des gleichnamigen Regierungsbezirks (s. unten), des Stadt und Landkreises K., liegt an der Fulda… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kassel — (Cassel), 1) Haupt u. Residenzstadt des Kurfürstenthums Hessen u. von dessen Provinz Niederhessen, am Einfluß des Ahnebaches in die Fulda, über welche die steinerne Wilhelmsbrücke führt; hat 9 Thore u. 19 öffentliche Plätze, ein Theil der Stadt… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Kassel — Kassel, es la tercer más grande ciudad de la región del Hesse (Hessen), a orillas del río Fulda. Se encuentra al centro de la República Federal Alemana. Tiene 200.000 habitantes aproximadamente, según datos del año 2005. * * * ► C. del centro de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kassel — Kassel, Stadt, s. Cassel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kassel — Kassel, Hauptstadt des Kurfürstenthums Hessen, an der Fulda, in einer reizenden Gegend, rings von Bergen umschlossen, ausgezeichnet durch Prachtpaläste, schön gepflasterte, regelmäßige Straßen, große Plätze etc., eine der imposantesten Städte… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Kassel — Kassel, Haupt u. Residenzstadt von Kurhessen, besonders in der Neustadt regelmäßig und schön gebaut, mit mehren schönen öffentlichen Plätzen u. Gebäuden, Museum Fridericianum mit einer Bibliothek von 100000 Bänden, Militär und Kunstschule,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Kassel — ou Cassel v. d Allemagne (Hesse), sur la Fulda; 185 370 hab. Industr. Anc. capitale de la Hesse …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kassel — (izg. kȁsl) m DEFINICIJA grad u sred. Njemačkoj, od 1955. mjesto gdje se održava prestižna svjetska smotra suvremene umjetnosti Documenta …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Kassel — [käs′əl] city in central Germany, in the state of Hesse: pop. 201,000 …   English World dictionary

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