/kah"lish/, n.
a city in central Poland. 81,200. German, Kalisch /kah"lish/.

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      city, Wielkopolskie województwo (province), west-central Poland, situated on the Prosna River.

      The excavations of a prehistoric village and mention of the settlement as Calisia by the astronomer-geographer Ptolemy in the 2nd century AD are evidence of the town's antiquity. A powerful castle stood there from the 12th to the 14th century. Kalisz obtained town rights in 1282.

      Now industrialized, Kalisz specializes in textile production, a trade begun during the 15th century. Engineering and food processing are also important to the local economy. The city contains many scenic parks and historic churches, as well as a theatre and regional museum. Pop. (2002) 109,498.

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Universalium. 2010.

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