/juy"poor/, n.1. a former state in NW India, now part of Rajasthan.2. a city in and the capital of Rajasthan, in NW India: known as the "pink city" because of its buildings of that color. 613,144.
* * *A walled town surrounded by hills (except to the south), it was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh to replace Amber as the capital of the princely state of Jaipur. The city, known for its beauty, is unique in its straight-line planning; its buildings are mostly rose-coloured, and it is sometimes called the "pink city." It is a popular tourist destination; historic structures include the city palace, the Hall of Winds, Ram Bagh palace, and Nahargarh, or Tiger Fort.
* * *▪ Indiacity, capital of Rājasthān state, northwestern India. A walled town surrounded (except to the south) by hills, Jaipur was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh to replace Amber as the capital of the princely state of Jaipur (founded by the Rājputs in the 12th century AD). Known for its beauty, the city is unique in its straight-line planning; its buildings are predominantly rose-coloured, and it is sometimes called the “pink city.”Jaipur has major road, rail, and air connections and is a commercial trade centre. Industries include engineering and metalworking, handloom weaving, distilling, and the manufacture of glass, hosiery, carpets, blankets, shoes, and drugs. Jaipur's famous arts and crafts include the making of jewelry, enamel, metalwork, and printed cloths, as well as stone, marble, and ivory carving.The chief buildings are the city palace, an 18th-century open-air observatory (Jantar Mantar); Hawā Mahal (Hall of Winds); Rām Bāgh palace; and Nāhargarh, or Tiger Fort. Other public buildings include a museum and a library. Jaipur is the seat of the University of Rājasthān, founded in 1947.The city is surrounded by fertile alluvial plains to the east and south and hill chains and desert areas to the north and west. Bajra (pearl millet), barley, gram (chick-pea), pulses, and cotton are the chief crops grown in this region; iron-ore, beryllium, mica, feldspar, marble, copper, and garnet deposits are worked. Pop. (1991 prelim.) city, 1,454,678; metropolitan area, 1,514,425.
* * *