Hudson River school

Hudson River school
Fine Arts.
a group of American painters of the mid-19th century whose works are characterized by a highly romantic treatment of landscape, esp. along the Hudson River.

* * *

U.S. landscape painters of several generations, active с 1825–70.

The first of them were inspired by the natural beauty of New York's Hudson River valley and Catskill Mountains. The leading figures were Thomas Cole, Asher B. Durand, and Thomas Doughty (1793–1856). Others, such as Frederic Edwin Church and George Inness, had studied in Europe and found inspiration in the grandiose landscapes of J.M.W. Turner. By mid century they were widely admired for their depictions of a common theme, the splendour of the untamed U.S. landscape. The name Hudson River school, applied retrospectively, is extended to artists of the same vision who painted imposing scenes of the Rocky Mountains, Grand Canyon, and Yosemite Valley. The first native school of painting in the U.S., it remained the dominant school of landscape painting throughout the 19th century.

* * *

▪ American art
 large group of American landscape painters of several generations who worked between about 1825 and 1870. The name, applied retrospectively, refers to a similarity of intent rather than to a geographic location, though many of the older members of the group drew inspiration from the picturesque Catskill region north of New York City, through which the Hudson River flows. An outgrowth of the Romantic movement, the Hudson River school was the first native school of painting in the United States; it was strongly nationalistic both in its proud celebration of the natural beauty of the American landscape and in the desire of its artists to become independent of European schools of painting.

      The early leaders of the Hudson River school were Thomas Doughty, Asher Durand (Durand, Asher B), and Thomas Cole (Cole, Thomas), all of whom worked in the open and painted reverential, carefully observed pictures of untouched wilderness in the Hudson River valley and nearby locations in New England. Although these painters and most of the others who followed their example studied in Europe at some point, all had first achieved a measure of success at home and had established the common theme of the remoteness and splendour of the American interior. Doughty concentrated on serene, lyrical, contemplative scenes of the valley itself. Durand, also lyrical, was more intimate and particularly made use of delicate lighting in woodland scenes. Cole, the most romantic of the early group, favoured the stormy and monumental aspects of nature. Other painters who concentrated on depicting the landscape of the northeastern United States were Alvan Fisher, Henry Inman, and Samuel F.B. Morse and, later, John Kensett, John Casilear, Worthington Whittredge, and Jasper F. Cropsey. Frederic Edwin Church is considered a member of the Hudson River school, although the exotically dramatic landscapes he painted frequently had little to do with typical American vistas. The more individual landscape painter George Inness (Inness, George) also began as a Hudson River painter.

      For some painters whose theme was untouched landscape, the northeast was less alluring than the more primitive and dramatic landscapes of the west. John Banvard and Henry Lewis painted huge panoramas of empty stretches of the Mississippi River. Among the first artists to explore the Far West were the enormously successful Thomas Moran and Albert Bierstadt (Bierstadt, Albert), who painted grandiose scenes of the Rocky Mountains, the Grand Canyon, and Yosemite Valley. The Hudson River school remained the dominant school of American landscape painting throughout most of the 19th century.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hudson River School —   [ hʌdsn rɪvə skuːl], gegen 1880 entstandene Bezeichnung für eine Gruppe amerikanischer Maler, die zwischen 1825 und 1890 zunächst die Landschaft im Osten der USA (Catskill Mountains, Tal des Hudson River) malten und dann über die Rocky… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • HUDSON RIVER SCHOOL — École de paysagistes américains inspirée par l’exemple de Thomas Cole et d’Asher B. Durand, les premiers grands peintres de l’histoire américaine. L’école de l’Hudson groupe, vers le milieu du XIXe siècle, une génération d’artistes nés après 1800 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hudson River school — n. [after the HUDSON2 River, depicted in many works of the earlier members of this group] a group of U.S. landscape painters of the 19th cent., including Thomas Cole and Albert Bierstadt …   English World dictionary

  • Hudson River School — Hudson River School, the a group of US painters between 1820 and 1880, who painted ↑landscapes (=paintings of areas of countryside) in a ↑romantic style …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Hudson River School — L Hudson River School (école de l Hudson) est un mouvement artistique né aux États Unis du XIXe siècle, fondé par un groupe de peintres du paysage influencés par le romantisme. Sommaire 1 Première génération 2 Seconde génération (1848 1870) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hudson River School — The Hudson River School was a mid 19th century American art movement by a group of landscape painters, whose aesthetic vision was influenced by romanticism. Their paintings depict the Hudson River Valley and the surrounding area, as well as the… …   Wikipedia

  • Hudson River School — Asher Brown Durand, Verwandte Geister, 1849 Hudson River School ist der Name einer Gruppe US amerikanischer Landschaftsmaler, die Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts tätig waren und der deutschen romantischen Malerei, insbesondere der Düsseldorfer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hudson River school — noun the first coherent school of American art; active from 1825 to 1870; painted wilderness landscapes of the Hudson River valley and surrounding New England • Syn: ↑romantic realism • Hypernyms: ↑artistic movement, ↑art movement * * * Fine Arts …   Useful english dictionary

  • List of Hudson River School artists — This is an incomplete list of Hudson River School artists. The Hudson River School was a mid 19th century American art movement by a group of landscape painters, whose aesthetic vision was influenced by romanticism. Their paintings depict the… …   Wikipedia

  • (the) Hudson River School — the Hudson River School [the Hudson River School] a group of 19th century artists, some of whom were born in Europe, who painted romantic ↑landscapes (= pictures of the countryside) in the US, including in the ↑Hudson River Valley. The paintings… …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”