Hortense

Hortense
/hawr"tens/, n.
a female given name.

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▪ queen of Holland
original name  Eugénie-Hortense de Beauharnais 
born April 10, 1783, Paris, France
died October 5, 1837, Arenenberg, Switzerland
 queen of Holland, stepdaughter of Napoleon I, and mother of Napoleon III.

      The daughter of the future empress Joséphine and of her first husband, Alexandre de Beauharnais, Hortense became one of the attractions of the court after Napoleon became first consul of the French in 1799. To strengthen her position, Joséphine encouraged a marriage between Hortense and Louis Bonaparte, Napoleon's brother (1802). The marriage, although an unhappy one, produced three children, the third of whom, Charles-Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, survived to become Napoleon III. In 1806, when Louis became king of Holland, Hortense accompanied him to The Hague. Although Napoleon divorced Joséphine in 1809, he refused to allow Hortense and Louis a divorce but countenanced their separation in 1810, when Holland was annexed to France. Returning to Paris, Hortense in 1811 gave birth to a son by her lover, the comte de Flahaut; this son, who was adopted by a relative, was the future duc de Mornay.

      When Napoleon was exiled in 1814, Hortense, although under the protection of the allies and created duchesse de Saint-Leu, became the centre of Bonapartist intrigue; and her support of Napoleon during his return (the Hundred Days) led to her banishment from France in 1815. She finally settled in Arenenberg, Switzerland, where she lived until her death, devoting herself to her writing and to the protection of her sons. Her memoirs were published between 1831 and 1835 (Eng. trans., Memoirs of Queen Hortense, 2 vol., 1862).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hortense — ist der Name folgender Personen: Hortense de Beauharnais (1783–1837), Königin von Holland, Mutter von Napoléon III. Hortense Haudebourt Lescot (1784–1845), französische Malerin Hortense Schneider (1833–1920), französische Operettendiva Marie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hortense — soeur du préc. (V. Hortense de Beauharnais.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • hortense — (Del lat. hortensis). 1. adj. Perteneciente o relativo a las huertas. 2. m. costo hortense …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Hortense — Hortense1 [hôr′tens΄] n. [Fr < L Hortensia, fem. of Hortensius, name of a Roman gens] a feminine name Hortense2 [hor′tens΄; ] Fr [ ō̂r täns′] (born Hortense de Beauharnais) 1783 1837; queen of Holland (1806 10): wife of Louis Bonaparte …   English World dictionary

  • Hortense — (Hortensia), Eugenie Beauharnais, Gemahlin Ludwig Bonapartes, Exkönigs von Holland, Mutter Napoleons III., geb. 10. April 1783 in Paris, gest. 5. Okt. 1837. Sie war eine Tochter des Generals Alexandre Beauharnais und der nachmaligen Kaiserin… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hortense — (spr. ortángß), Königin von Holland, geb. 10. April 1783 zu Paris als Tochter des Generals Beauharnais und der Josephine (s.d.), der spätern Gemahlin Napoleons I., 1802 mit Ludwig Bonaparte vermählt, 1810 von diesem getrennt, Mutter Napoleons III …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hortense — f French form of Latin Hortensia, the feminine version of the old Roman family name Hortensius. This is of uncertain origin, but may be derived from Latin hortus garden. The given name began to be used in the English speaking world in the 19th… …   First names dictionary

  • Hortense —   [ɔr tãs], Königin von Holland (1806 10), * Paris 10. 4. 1783, ✝ Schloss Arenenberg (Schweiz) 5. 10. 1837; Tochter des Generals A. de Beauharnais und der späteren Kaiserin Joséphine, heiratete 1802 den Bruder Napoleons I., Louis Bonaparte;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hortense — fem. proper name, from L. Hortensia, fem. of Hortensius, a Roman gens name, related to hortus garden (see YARD (Cf. yard) (n.1)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • hortense — adj. 2 g. 1. Que se cria em horta. 2. De horta ou a ela relativo …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • hortense — adjetivo 1. Área: agricultura De la huerta: productos hortenses. Sinónimo: hortícola, hortelano …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

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