/gal"euh way'/, n.
1. a historic region in SW Scotland.
2. one of a Scottish breed of beef cattle having a coat of curly, black hair.
3. one of a Scottish breed of small, strong horses.

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      traditional region, southwestern Scotland, comprising the historic counties of Kirkcudbrightshire and Wigtownshire, which form the central and western portions of Dumfries and Galloway council area. Galloway is bounded by the historic county of Ayrshire (council areas of South Ayrshire and East Ayrshire) on the north, the historic county of Dumfriesshire on the east, the Solway Firth and Irish Sea on the southeast, and the North Channel on the southwest.

      The Rhins is a hammer-shaped peninsula in the extreme southwest of Wigtownshire. At the southern end of the Rhins is the Mull of Galloway, the most southerly point in Scotland. Its cliffs stand 210 feet (64 metres) above the Irish Sea and are surmounted by a 60-foot (18-metre) lighthouse.

      The name Galloway is derived from the Gallgaidhel, or Gallwyddel (“Stranger Gaels”), the original Celtic people of this region, called Novantae by the Romans. The last “king” of Galloway died in 1234. During the 14th century the Balliols and Comyns were the chief families, succeeded about 1369 by the Douglases (until 1458) and in 1623 by the Stewarts. The 17th-century Scottish Presbyterians known as the Covenanters found much support throughout the region.

 Galloway's economy is predominantly pastoral in the lowlands, based on dairy farming of the indigenous hornless Galloway cattle. Forests have been planted on the moor areas above 500 feet (150 metres) in elevation, and these now provide hope for the establishment of a forest industry (including a pulp and paper mill). The Galloway Hydro-Electric Scheme (1935) harnessed the waters of the Rivers Dee and Ken for the generation of hydroelectricity. Tourism plays an important economic role.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Galloway — Galloway1 [gal′ə wā΄] n. any of a breed of polled beef cattle, usually black with a curly coat, resembling the Aberdeen Angus and originating in the district of Galloway Galloway2 [gal′ə wā΄] former district of SW Scotland: now part of DUMFRIES… …   English World dictionary

  • Galloway — Gal lo*way, n. (Zo[ o]l.) A small horse of a breed raised at Galloway, Scotland; called also {garran}, and {garron}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gallŏway [1] — Gallŏway (spr. Galloweh), 1) ehemalige Provinz in S. Schottland, zerfiel in die Districte East u. W. G.; bildet jetzt die Grafschaften Kirkcudbright u. Wigton; 2) (New G.), Flecken in der Grafschaft Kirkcudbright, am Ken; 700 Ew.; 3) (Mullof G.) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gallŏway [2] — Gallŏway (spr. Galloweh), Heinrich Marquis von Rumigny, Graf von G., geb. 1647, Generalagent des protestantischen Adels in Frankreich zur Zeit des Widerrufs des Edicts von Nantes; ging nach England u. nahm, naturalisirt, den Titel eines Grafen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Galloway — (spr. gállo ŭē, v. sächs. Gallweia, lat. Gallwegia), Land der aus Irland im 9. und 10. Jahrh. eingewanderten Kelten (Galli), im südwestlichen Schottland. Die Landschaft umfaßt Wigtown und Kirkcudbrightshire und endet südlich mit dem steilen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Galloway — (spr. gällŏwĕ), Landschaft und Halbinsel in Südwestschottland (Grafsch. Wigton und Kirkcudbright) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Galloway — district in southwestern Scotland, M.L. Gallovidia, from Welsh Gallwyddel, Ir. Gallgaidhil, lit. foreign Gaels. The adj. Galwegian is on analogy of Norwegian …   Etymology dictionary

  • Galloway — 55°03′N 4°08′W / 55.05, 4.133 …   Wikipédia en Français

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