flamen

flamen
/flay"meuhn, -men/, n., pl. flamens, flamines /flam"euh neez'/.
(in ancient Rome) a priest.
[1300-50; < L flamen (perh. earlier *fladmen; akin to OE blotan to sacrifice); r. ME flamin < L flamin- (s. of flamen)]

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One of 15 priests in ancient Rome, each of whom was devoted to the service of a specific god.

The most important were those who served Jupiter, Mars, and Quirinus. Chosen from the patrician class and supervised by the pontifex maximus (chief priest), they offered daily sacrifices and led strictly regulated lives. Their wives assisted them and were also bound by ritual regulations. In imperial times a group of flamines were devoted to the worship of deified emperors.

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      in ancient Rome, a priest devoted exclusively to the worship of one deity; the name derives from a root meaning “he who burns offerings.” Of the 15 flamines, the most important were Dialis, Martialis, and Quirinalis, who served Jupiter, Mars, and Quirinus, respectively. Chosen from the patrician class and supervised by the pontifex maximus, or chief priest, the flamines had a distinctive dress, its outstanding feature being the apex, a conical cap. They offered daily sacrifices, and their lives were regulated by strict rules and taboos. The priests' wives, the flaminicae, served as their assistants and were also bound by ritual regulations. In imperial times, flamines Divorum (“priests of the Gods”) were instituted for the worship of deified emperors both in Rome and in the empire's outlying provinces, where they often served as important representatives of the central government.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Flamen — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Busto de un flamen, Siglo III, Museo del Louvre. El Flamen (en latín flamen, inis), era un sacerdote romano que formaba parte del colegio de los flamines. Eran herencia de una antiguedad llena de so …   Wikipedia Español

  • flamen — (Del lat. flamen). m. Sacerdote romano destinado al culto de una deidad determinada. flamen dial. m. El de Júpiter. flamen marcial. m. El de Marte. flamen quirinal. m. El de Rómulo …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Flamen — Fla men, n.; pl. E. {Flammens}, L. {Flamines}. [L.] (Rom. Antiq.) A priest devoted to the service of a particular god, from whom he received a distinguishing epithet. The most honored were those of Jupiter, Mars, and Quirinus, called respectively …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • flamen — ancient Roman priest, 1530s, from L. flamen, of unknown origin, perhaps from PIE root *bhlad to worship (Cf. Goth. blotan, O.E. blotan to sacrifice ). Also used from early 14c. in reference to the ancient pre Christian British priests, in… …   Etymology dictionary

  • flamen — [flā′men] n. pl. flamens or flamines [flam′i nēz΄] [ME flamin < L flamen < IE base * bhlagmen , priest, magician > Sans brahmán ] in ancient Rome, a priest serving one particular god …   English World dictionary

  • Flamen — (röm Ant.), Priester eines einzelnen Gottes, später auch eines apotheosirten Kaisers. Sie waren 15 an der Zahl, wurden in den Curiatcomitien gewählt u. von dem Pontifex maximus geweiht; ihr Amt war lebenslänglich; auf dem Kopfe trugen sie eine in …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Flämen — (auch Vlamingen, Flamänder, Flamländer), in Belgien die den franz. Wallonen gegenüberstehende Bevölkerung germanischer Abkunft, die namentlich in den Provinzen Ostflandern, Antwerpen, Limburg, Westflandern u. Brabant vorherrscht. S. Belgien, S.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Flamen [1] — Flamen (lat.), der römische Opferpriester, s. Flamines …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Flamen [2] — Flamen (spr. māng, Flaman, Flamand), Albert, franz. Kupferstecher, arbeitete um die Mitte des 17. Jahrh. in Paris. Seine Blätter, von denen man über 600 Nummern kennt, sind von 1648–64 datiert, nach Art des W. Hollar radiert und dann mit dem… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Flämen — (richtiger Vlaemen, spr. flahmen), Flamländer, Flamänder, in Belgien die Bevölkerung deutschen Geblüts [Karte: Deutschtum I]. (S. auch Flämische Sprache und Literatur.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Flamen — (Mehrzahl Flamĭnes), im alten Rom die Einzelpriester eines bestimmten Gottes. Es gab 3 obere (majōres), den F. des Jupiter (F. Diālis), des Mars (F. Martiālis), des Quirinus (F. Quirinālis) und 12 untere (minōres) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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