Eumenes II

Eumenes II
king of Pergamum. 197-c159 B.C.

* * *

died 160/159 BC

King of Pergamum (197 BC–с 160).

He continued the policy of his father, Attalus I Soter, of cooperation with Rome. He helped defeat Antiochus III, thus enlarging his realm. He brought his kingdom to its height and made it a great centre of Greek culture; in particular, he is credited with constructing nearly all the public buildings and sculpture on the Pergamum acropolis. He was suspected of disloyalty in the Roman struggle against Perseus; Rome subsequently withdrew its support, and Eumenes's power and the glory of Pergamum declined. His brother Attalus II became coruler с 160 BC.

* * *

▪ king of Pergamum

died 160/159 BC

      king of Pergamum from 197 until his death. A brilliant statesman, he brought his small kingdom to the peak of its power and did more than any other Attalid monarch to make Pergamum a great centre of Greek culture in the East.

      Eumenes was the eldest son and successor of Attalus I Soter (ruled 241–197), and he continued his father's policy of cooperation with Rome. His military skill contributed substantially to the victory of Roman and Pergamene forces over the Seleucid king Antiochus III in the battle of Magnesia, in Lydia (autumn of 190). As his reward Eumenes was given control over the Thracian Chersonese (modern Gallipoli peninsula in European Turkey) and over most of the former Seleucid possessions in Asia Minor. Despite this enlargement of his domain, Eumenes realized that his power rested on Roman might. He therefore cultivated friendship with the Romans, securing their intervention in his struggles against the kings of Bithynia and Pontus, in northern Anatolia.

      In 172 Eumenes visited Rome to denounce Perseus, the king of Macedonia, for allegedly plotting aggressions in the East. He then joined the Romans in their struggle against Perseus (Third Macedonian War (Macedonian Wars), 171–168), but when the war dragged on it was rumoured that Eumenes was negotiating secretly with the enemy. Whatever the truth of the report, the mere suspicion of disloyalty was enough to put Eumenes permanently in the shadow of Rome's displeasure.

      Eumenes was responsible for the construction of nearly all the main public buildings—together with their splendid sculptures—on the acropolis at Pergamum.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eumenes — Eumenes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eumenes — ? Eumenes Оса Eumenes pomiformis …   Википедия

  • Eumenes — of Cardia (Greek: Ευμένης, ca. 362 BC 316 BC) was a Greek general and scholar. He, who was one of rare high rank Greek officers in the Macedonian army, participated in the wars of the Diadochi as a supporter of the Macedonian Argead royal house.… …   Wikipedia

  • Eumenes I — of Pergamon was dynast (ruler) of the city of Pergamon in Asia Minor from 263 BC until his death in 241 BCrf|1|Strabo 13.4.2a. He was the son of Eumenes, the brother of Philetaerus, the founder of the Attalid dynasty, and Satyra, daughter of… …   Wikipedia

  • Eumenes I — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Moneda de Eumenes I, Biblioteca nacional de Francia, París. Eumenes I de Pérgamo (murió el 241 a. C.), hijo de Eumenes, el hermano de Filetero, el fundador de la dinastía atálida. Eumenes fue el hijo… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eumenes — ist der Name von Eumenes von Kardia, eines Diadochenherrschers; Eumenes I., Herrscher von Pergamon; Eumenes II., König von Pergamon; Eumenes III., siehe Aristonikos Eumenes (Baktrien), König von Baktrien im 2. Jahrhundert v. Chr. Eumenes von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eumenes II — of Pergamon (Εὐμένης Α τῆς Περγάμου) (ruled 197 159 BC) was king of Pergamon and a member of the Attalid dynasty. The son of king Attalus I and queen Apollonis, he followed on his father s footsteps and collaborated with the Romans to oppose… …   Wikipedia

  • Eumenes II — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Moneda de Eumenes II. Eumenes II (reinado: 197 a. C. – 160 a. C.) fue rey de Pérgamo y miembro de la dinastía atálida. Se alió a los romanos para oponerse a la expansión seléucida hacia el mar… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eumenes — (Euménēs) ► Nombre de varios soberanos de Pérgamo. ► Eumenes I (m. 241 a C) Soberano en 263 241 a C. Derrotó a Antíoco I y dio forma al Estado de Pérgamo. ► Eumenes II (m. 159 a C) Rey en 197 159 a C. En la Paz de Apamea le fueron adjudicados el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eumĕnes [1] — Eumĕnes, 1) ausgezeichneter Staatsmann u. Feldherr, geb. 363 v. Chr. zu Kardia in Thracien, wurde Geheimschreiber des Königs Philippos von Macedonien u. nach dessen Tode seines Sohnes Alexanders d. Gr., welcher ihn in Susa mit der Schwester… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Eumĕnes [2] — Eumĕnes, Gattung der eigentlichen Wespen, mit tiefgespaltener verlängerter Mittelzunge u. langem, birnenförmigem erstem Leibesabschnittes; Ungesellige: Art: E. pomiformis, schwarz Brustschild mit gelben Flecken, Beine bis auf die schwarz… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”