ethos

ethos
/ee"thos, ee"thohs, eth"os, -ohs/, n.
1. Sociol. the fundamental character or spirit of a culture; the underlying sentiment that informs the beliefs, customs, or practices of a group or society; dominant assumptions of a people or period: In the Greek ethos the individual was highly valued.
2. the character or disposition of a community, group, person, etc.
3. the moral element in dramatic literature that determines a character's action rather than his or her thought or emotion.
[1850-55; < Gk: custom, habit, character]

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▪ arts
Greek:“disposition” or “character”

      in rhetoric, the character or emotions of a speaker or writer that are expressed in the attempt to persuade an audience. It is distinguished from pathos, which is the emotion the speaker or writer hopes to induce in the audience. The two words were distinguished in a broader sense by ancient Classical authors, who used pathos when referring to the violent emotions and ethos to mean the calmer ones. Ethos was the natural disposition or moral character, an abiding quality, and pathos a temporary and often violent emotional state. For Renaissance writers the distinction was a different one: ethos described character and pathos an emotional appeal.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ethos — Èthos L’èthos (du grec ancien ἦθος / ễthos, pluriel ἤθη / ếthê) est un mot grec qui signifie le caractère, l’état d’âme, la disposition psychique. Il s’écrit èthos (où « è » est la transcription de la lettre grecque êta), et ne doit pas …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ethos — es una palabra griega (ἦθος; plurales: ethe, ethea) que puede ser traducida de diferentes maneras. Algunas posibilidades son punto de partida , aparecer , inclinación y a partir de ahí, personalidad . De la misma raíz griega, la palabra ethikos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ethos — 〈n.; ; unz.〉 1. sittliche Gesinnung, Sittlichkeit 2. Sitte [<grch. ethos „Gewohnheit, Sitte“] * * * Ethos, das; [griech. ẽthos = Gewohnheit; Gesittung, Charakter] (bildungsspr.): vom Bewusstsein sittlicher Werte geprägte Gesinnung,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • ethos — e‧thos [ˈiːθɒs ǁ ˈiːθɑːs] noun [singular] the set of ideas, aims, and moral attitudes belonging to the members of an organization: • Getting a bit of the American ethos into the business has been a good thing. • The company ethos is to value part …   Financial and business terms

  • Ethos — das; <über lat. ethos aus gr. ẽthos »Sitte, Moral«> moralische Gesamthaltung; sittliche Lebensgrundsätze eines Menschen od. einer Gesellschaft, die die Grundlage des Wollens u. Handelns bilden; Gesamtheit ethisch moralischer Normen, Ideale… …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Ethos — E thos, n. [L., fr. Gr. ? character. See {Ethic}.] 1. The character, sentiment, or disposition of a community or people, considered as a natural endowment; the spirit which actuates manners and customs; also, the characteristic tone or genius of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ethos — ● ethos nom masculin (grec ethos, caractère) Ensemble des caractères communs à un groupe d individus appartenant à une même société. Doctrine établissant une relation entre l art des sons et les mouvements de l âme et sur laquelle les Grecs… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ethos — ÉTHOS s.n. v. etos. Trimis de tavi, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Neoficial  ÉTHOS s.n. v. etos. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • ethos — revived by Palgrave in 1851 from Gk. ethos moral character, nature, disposition, habit, custom, from suffixed form of PIE root *s(w)e (see IDIOM (Cf. idiom)). An important concept in Aristotle (e.g. Rhetoric II xii xiv) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Ethos — »sittliche Haltung; Gesamtheit moralischer Lebensgrundsätze«: Das Fremdwort ist aus griech.( lat.) ēthos »Gewohnheit, Herkommen; Gesittung, Charakter« entlehnt. Dies steht dehnstufig neben griech. éthos »Sitte, Brauch«. Zugrunde liegt idg.… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • ethos — [ē′thäs΄] n. [Gr ēthos, disposition, character: see ETHICAL] the characteristic and distinguishing attitudes, habits, beliefs, etc. of an individual or of a group …   English World dictionary

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