/ed"meuhn teuhn/, n.
a city in and the capital of Alberta, in the central part, in SW Canada. 461,361.

* * *

City (pop., 2001: city, 666,104; metro. area, 937,845), capital of Alberta, Canada Located on the Saskatchewan River, in the centre of the province, it began as a series of fur-trading posts built from 1795.

With the arrival of the railway and an influx of settlers in the late 19th century, Edmonton began to prosper economically, and in 1905 it became the capital of the new province of Alberta. The 1947 discovery of petroleum in the area greatly stimulated the city's growth; an agricultural and oil-based economy still prevails. It is the distribution centre of northwestern Canada. Its cultural and educational institutions include the University of Alberta (1906).

* * *

      city, capital of Alberta, Canada. It lies along the North Saskatchewan River, in the centre of the province.

      Edmonton traces its origin to Fort Edmonton, a Hudson's Bay Company fur-trading post built in 1795 at a site 20 miles (32 km) downstream from the present-day city and reputedly named after a former borough in London, Eng. Nearby was Fort Augustus, a North West Company trading post built on the river's opposite bank. Both posts were abandoned in 1810, and five other forts were later built along the river. A trading settlement developed at the city's site after 1864 and survived the Cree Indian Rebellion of 1885. With the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway at nearby Strathcona (across the river) in 1891 and the federal government's successful campaign later in that decade to lure settlers to the West, Edmonton began to prosper as an agricultural distribution and processing centre. The year 1905 saw the long-awaited arrival of the Canadian Northern Railway and the designation of the city as capital of the new province of Alberta.

      Edmonton and Strathcona were amalgamated in 1912. During World War II Edmonton served as the base for construction of the Alaska Highway. The discovery of petroleum in 1947 at Leduc and subsequently at several other locations near Edmonton greatly stimulated the city's urban and industrial growth. This growth has been sustained through development of the tar-sand (tar sand) deposits in northern Alberta.

 Edmonton's economy has continued to be based largely on oil-related activities, but it has also diversified into other areas, notably high technology and software development. The city's industries include oil refining (including synthetic fuels), the production of petrochemicals and plastics, and engineering. Also important are lumbering, flour milling, meat-packing, tanning, and dairying. Oil and gas pipelines radiate from the city. Edmonton's major rail lines, along with its international airport, have made it the wholesale, retail, and distribution centre of northwestern Canada. Other services, including those associated with tourism, have grown as well.

      Edmonton is the headquarters of Athabasca University (an “open university” founded in 1972) and is the site of the University of Alberta (1906), the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, the Provincial Museum of Alberta, the Queen Elizabeth Planetarium, and the Valley Zoo. The main Legislative Building (1908–12) holds a 305-bell carillon in its dome. Fort Edmonton Historical Park, at the south end of Quesnell Bridge, highlights a replica of the original fort. The city hosts the annual Agricultural and Industrial Exhibition, Muk-Luk Mardi Gras (a winter sports carnival), and Klondike Days (a celebration in July of the 1890s gold rush). Professional sports teams include the Oilers (ice hockey) and the Eskimo (Canadian gridiron football). Edmonton also has one of the world's largest shopping malls. Inc. town, 1892; city, 1904. Pop. (2006) city, 730,372; metropolitan area, 1,034,945.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Edmonton — Downtown Edmonton, Fort Edmonton Park, Legislature Building, Law Courts, Rexall Place, High Level Bridge, Muttart Conservatory …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edmonton — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda City of Edmonton Edmonton …   Wikipedia Español

  • EDMONTON — EDMONTON, capital of Alberta, Canada. Edmonton was first incorporated as a town in 1892. At that time, there were about 700 permanent residents. Founded on the banks of the North Saskatchewan River on the site of the former Hudson s Bay Company s …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Edmonton — Edmonton, KY U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 1586 Housing Units (2000): 776 Land area (2000): 2.844002 sq. miles (7.365930 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.031023 sq. miles (0.080348 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.875025 sq. miles (7.446278 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Edmonton, KY — U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 1586 Housing Units (2000): 776 Land area (2000): 2.844002 sq. miles (7.365930 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.031023 sq. miles (0.080348 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.875025 sq. miles (7.446278 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Edmonton — [ed′mən tən] [prob. after Edmonton, former borough of London, England] capital of Alberta, Canada, in the central part: pop. 616,000 (met. area, 863,000) …   English World dictionary

  • Edmonton — (spr. édd ), Stadt in der engl. Grafschaft Middlesex, Vorort von London, 13 km nördlich von der Londonbrücke, mit vielen Landsitzen der Londoner Geschäftsleute und (1901) 46,899 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Edmonton — (spr. éddmönnt n), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Middlesex, nordöstl. von London, (1901) 46.899 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Edmonton — v. du Canada, cap. de l Alberta, sur le Saskatchewan; aggl. 616 700 hab. Centre comm. et industr.: métallurgie; constr. méca.; raff. de pétrole; industr. chim. et alimentaires …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Edmonton —   [ edməntn], Hauptstadt der Provinz Alberta, Kanada, am North Saskatchewan, (1999) 929 100 Einwohner (1961: 281 000, 1971: 437 100 Einwohner); Sitz eines katholischen Erzbischofs, eines anglikanischen, eines ukrainisch unierten, eines russisch… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Edmonton — This article is about the capital of Alberta. For other uses, see Edmonton (disambiguation). Edmonton   City   City of Edmonton …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”